Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Diagnostics & Testing
If you are experiencing bone or joint pain or suffering from an injury, our orthopedic specialists can use a variety of tests to help identify the most effective course of treatment. Some of the most common tests include:
- Arthrography – Used to help diagnose joint pain. An X-ray is taken after contrast is injected into the tendons, joint capsule, cartilage and ligaments of the affected joint.
- Bone scan – Used to determine the density of the bone and to diagnose osteoporosis. It is also used to determine if the bone has a stress fracture or if there is presence of arthritis, cancer or an infection.
- CT scan – A computerized technology scan that combines a series of X-rays taken from different angles and used to create detailed images of the bones, soft tissues and blood vessels.
- Discography – Determines if the discs (cushion between the bones of the spine) may be causing back pain.
- Electromyography (EMG) – Records and analyzes the electrical activity in muscles. It will help to determine if there is any damage to the nerves in the arms and the legs, such as a pinched nerve.
- Flexibility test – Measures the range of motion in a joint. This test determines if there is a muscle imbalance or arthritis in a joint.
- ImPACT® Test – A computerized tool that is used to evaluate a sport-related concussion.
- Joint aspiration and analysis – Uses a syringe to remove any fluid that has accumulated in the joints. This is used as a treatment for bursitis, arthritis, injuries or other conditions.
- Lab studies – Used to test blood, urine and joint fluid to find out the presence, and amount of, chemicals, proteins or other substances in the body.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) – Uses magnetic fields to capture pictures of the bones and soft tissues. This test is used to help diagnose torn ligaments, cartilage and muscles and other conditions.
- Muscle tests – Tests the strength of the muscles. Weakness in a muscle may indicate a tendon injury.
- Palpation – May be done by the physician during a physical examination. The physician will feel the joint for signs of inflammation and swelling. Palpation can also be used to identify the location of a growth, such as a cyst or tumor.
- Physical examination – Can indicate many conditions affecting the bones, joints and muscles. This includes swelling, inflammation, redness, improper alignment and changes in skin color, as well as gait analysis, range of motion and reflex.
- X-ray – An imaging test that produces images of areas within the body.
- Ultrasound – is a noninvasive imaging test that is used to image blood vessels including veins and arteries. This is referred to as a vascular ultrasound. Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a testing procedure that is useful in the diagnosis and management of sport injuries.